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Thursday, 14 July 2016



An item of food consisting of two pieces of bread with a filling between them, eaten as a light meal:a ham sandwich
More example sentences
  • Sunshine and a light breeze can make even a ham sandwich twice the meal it is indoors.
  • Food comes in the form of light snacks, sandwiches and salads.
  • Operators such as U.S.-based Subway Restaurants are pulling in customers with fresh salads and sandwiches on focaccia bread.
1.1British A sponge cake of two or more layers with jam or cream between.
Example sentences
  • Immediately he filled his many pockets with as much pastries, sandwiches, and small cakes as he possibly could and still be able to move around at the same time.
  • This sandwich is actually one of our favorite desserts.
1.2Something that is constructed like or has the form of a sandwich.
Example sentences
  • Its windows are fake and the exterior walls are constructed with a sandwich of blast-proof Kevlar between two layers of concrete block.
  • The vessels are of catamaran design, the hulls being constructed from a fibre-reinforced plastic sandwich.
  • The two central layers in the silica sandwich deal with the significant pressure differences between the pressurised space station and the vacuum of space.
2[AS MODIFIER] British Relating to a sandwich course:the degree includes a sandwich year


Unfortunately, the concept of an 'open sandwich' is not consistent with the English language definition of 'sandwich'. In a Swedish owned bar, I was recently offered the choice between a bowl of soup with crusty bread for £4.50 and, as a special deal, a bowl of soup with a salmon sandwich for £7.00. I chose the latter, and the soup came on the same plate as a small piece of bread with a bit of salmon and mayonnaise on top. The barman treated me somewhat dismissively when I inquired after the whereabouts of the second piece of bread !!

An open sandwich, also known as an open face/faced sandwich or tartine[1] consists of a single slice of bread with one or more food items on top.


During the Middle Ages, thick slabs of coarse bread called "tranches" (late 15th century French) or, in its English derivative, "trenchers", were used as plates.[2] At the end of the meal, the food-soaked trencher was eaten by the diner (from which we get the expression "trencherman"), or perhaps fed to a dog or saved for beggars. Trenchers were as much the harbingers of open-face sandwiches[3] as they were of disposable crockery.
As such, open-face sandwiches have a unique origin and history, differing from that of the (multi-slice) sandwich.

In various countries[edit]

Smørrebrød with eggs, shrimps and roast beef
Smørrebrød with salmon and caviar
Smørrebrød with green and redsalad, chicken liver and tartar sauce
A hot fish sandwich from Bolton's Spicy Chicken & Fish at the Franklin Food & Spirits Festival in Franklin, Tennessee
An open sandwich is a slice of fresh bread, with different spreads,[4] butter, liver pâté, cheese spreads, cold cuts such as roast beefturkey, ham, bacon, salamibeef tonguemortadellahead cheese or sausages like beerwurst or kabanos, and vegetables like bell peppers, tomatoes, radish, scallion and cucumber.
Open sandwiches like this are consumed in FranceDenmark,[5] Norway,[6] Sweden,[7] Austria and Germany,[8][9] the Czech Republic,[10] Hungary,[11] the Netherlands,[12] Poland as well as other parts of Europe, and North America as a regular breakfastand supper food item. The American tongue toast is offered as an entrée for breakfast, lunch, and supper and as an hors d'œuvre for formal parties.
In former Czechoslovakia a popular type of open sandwich is called obložené chlebíčky (pl., sg. obložený chlebíček) - slant ways cut slice of veka (long narrow white bread) spread with butter and/or with various combinations of mayonnaise salads andhard boiled eggcheesehamsalami, smoked fish (salmon or sprats or pickled herring), tomatopickled cucumberlettuce, raw onion or other vegetable, etc.[10]
Open sandwich is the common, traditional sandwich type in the Nordic countries,[13][14] Estonia, the NetherlandsRussia,PolandUkraineLithuania, and Latvia, where it is typically eaten at breakfast, lunchsupper, or as a snack. In Finland the sandwich is called voileipä, and in Estonia similarly võileib, which also means "butter bread".
The Scandinavian open sandwich (DanishsmørrebrødNorwegiansmørbrødSwedishsmörgås or macka) consists of one piece of buttered bread, often whole-grain rye bread (DanishrugbrødSwedishrågbröd), topped with, for instance, cheese, cold steakshrimps, smoked salmoncaviar, hard boiled eggs, bacon, herring, fish fillets, liver pâté (Danishleverpostej,Norwegianleverpostei Swedishleverpastej), and/or small meatballs. This is typically complemented by some herbs and vegetables such as parsley, cold salad, thinly sliced cucumber, tomato wedges and/or pickled beets etc. on the same slice of bread.[13][15]
A condiment, such as mayonnaise, or mayonnaise-based dressing is also often included in some form.[10] An old traditional replacement for butter on a piece of bread with herring is pig fat. There are many variations associated with the smørrebrød/smørbrød/smörgås and there are even special stores, cafés and restaurants (especially in Denmark) that specialize in them.[14][16][17]
The Dutch and Flemish Uitsmijter consists of one or more slices of bread topped with fried eggs (one per slice of bread), and can be accompanied by slices of cheese and/or meat (roast beef or ham). The dish is often served as a hearty breakfast. Sweet toppings are commonly used for breakfast in the Netherlands and Belgium: e.g. sprinklesvlokken, or muisjes, next to the more widespread peanut butterhoneyjam, and chocolate spread.[12]
In Great Britain, open sandwiches are rare outside of Scandinavian delicatessens. Instead, there is "on toast" (e.g., cheese on toast). However, this is not considered a sandwich. The open sandwiches found in Great Britain are the Welsh rarebit[18] and the Scotch woodcock, an open sandwich served historically at the colleges of the University of Cambridge and University of Oxford and in the refreshment rooms of the House of Commons of the United Kingdom as late as 1949.[19][20][21]
In North America an open faced sandwich may also refer to a slice of bread topped with warm slices of roasted meat andgravy. Examples include a beef Manhattan, a hot chicken sandwich in Canada, or Welsh rarebit.[18] This is also done in Scandinavian countries, where they also eat open faced sandwiches with fried meat and fried fish.


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