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Sunday, 19 May 2019

SMALLER ARCS OF LARGER CIRCLES by Nora Bateson (A New Approach to Changing the World)





                                                                               
NORA BATESON ON EUGENICS:
What... will happen when... the facts of heredity are... commonly known? One thing is certain: mankind will begin to interfere; perhaps not in England, but in some country more ready to break with the past and eager for ‘national efficiency.’ Mr. Galton has suggested a selection at the top, with State encouragement of families of superlative quality. More probably, and we suspect more effectively, selection will begin by elimination at the bottom... [While] contemporary socialism strives for the elevation of the unfit... that of the future will probably aim at their extinction. Ignorance of the remoter consequences of interference has never long postponed such experiments. When power is discovered man always turns to it. The science of heredity will soon provide power on a stupendous scale; and in some country, at some time, not, perhaps, far distant, that power will be applied to control the composition of a nation. Whether the institution of such control will ultimately be good or bad for that nation or for humanity at large is a separate question. —1905 review of Archdall Reid’s The Principles of Heredity


                                                                   

                                                                 
                   See also my previous blog  On the Dark History of Eugenics and MKUltra



                                                                   NORA  BATESON


Nora Bateson is an award-winning filmmaker, writer and educator, as well as President of the International Bateson Institute, based in Sweden. Her work asks the question “How we can improve our perception of the complexity we live within, so we may improve our interaction with the world?”. An international lecturer, researcher and writer, Nora wrote, directed and produced the award-winning documentary, An Ecology of Mind, a portrait of her father, Gregory Bateson. Her work brings the fields of biology, cognition, art, anthropology, psychology, and information technology together into a study of the patterns in ecology of living systems. Her book, Small Arcs of Larger Circles, released by Triarchy Press, UK, 2016 is a revolutionary personal approach to the study of systems and complexity.



                                                                               
                                                                         


                                                                 TRIACHY PRESS






                                     

Small Arcs of Larger Circles
Framing through other patterns​​

Nora Bateson


This is an important first collection of essays, reflections and poems by Nora Bateson, the noted research designer, film-maker, writer and lecturer. She is the daughter of Gregory Bateson, president of the International Bateson Institute (IBI) and an adviser to numerous bodies at international and governmental level. 

Building on Gregory Bateson’s famous book Towards an Ecology of Mind and her own film on the subject, Nora Bateson here updates our thinking on systems and ecosystems, applying her own insights and those of her team at IBI to education, organisations, complexity, academia, and the way that society organizes itself.

She also introduces two terms:
 symmathesy’ to describe the contextual mutual learning through interaction that takes place in living entities at larger or smaller scales
 transcontextuality’ to describe the multiple, interlayered spatial, social, temporal, cultural, ecological, economic contexts in which symmathesy takes place.

While she retains her father’s rigorous attention to definition, observation and academic precision, she also moves well beyond that frame of reference to incorporate more embodied ways of knowing and understanding. These are reflected in her essays and poems on food, Christmas, love, honesty, environmentalism and leadership.

The book offers important advice and new thinking on issues like immigration, systems thinking, new economic and financial models, future thinking and strategic planning, sustainability and governmental ethics, agency in organizational leadership, the education system and organizational governance.



                                                          P.D.F of Novel Extract

Tuesday, 23 April 2019

ALL ABOUT ATTENTION DEFICIT DISORDER


                                                                                        



ATTENTION DEFICIT DISORDER (A.D.D)

*NOT REALLY A DISORDER, BUT RATHER A POINT ON A NATURAL, HUMAN SCALE

*CAN AFFECT BOTH CHILDREN AND ADULTS

*PERSISTENT PATTERN OF INATTENTION AND IMPULSIVITY THAT AFFECTS DAILY LIFE AND INDIVIDUAL DEVELOPMENT

*DIFFICULTIES WITH WORKING MEMORY, AND WITH BRAIN'S ABILITY TO BEGIN AN ACTIVITY, ORGANISE ITSELF, AND MANAGE MULTIPLE MINOR TASKS.

*WHEN PERSON WITH A.D.D. IS HYPERACTIVE, PERSON IS SAID TO HAVE A,D.H.D. or ATTENTION DEFICIT HYPERACTIVE DISORDER. (the definitions are slightly different in the United States)

*OTHER FORMS OF NEURODIVERSITY SOMETIMES OVERLAP WITH A.D.D. These include, autism, high functioning autism (Asperger's syndrome), dyspraxia, dyslexia, dyscalclia, and Tourette's syndrome,


THE DIFFICULTIES ASSOCIATED WITH A.D.D. HAVE BEEN OBSERVED THROUGHOUT HISTORY

                                           



    Hippocrates of Kos (460-375 BC) attributed a condition comparable to ADHD to an "overbalance of fire over water".


                                                                              



    1775 Dr Melchior Adam Weikard, a hunchback from Bruckenau, discussed 'inattentive people who 'know a little bit of all but nothing of the whole'.


                                                                          

    1798 Sir Alexander Crichton  (Westminster Hospital) described a mental state much like an inattentive subtype of ADHD.

                                                                        
                                                                      

    1845 Dr. Heinrich Hoffman of Frankfurt coined the term Hyperkinetic Syndrome for 'naughty restless children growing still more rude and wild'.



                                                                            


                                                                      

    1902  Sir George Still of King's College Hospital, London documented cases of impulsive behaviour, and called the condition  Defect of Moral Control.


                                                                              


    1922 ADD-like symptoms were diagnosed as Minimal Brain Damage by the eugenicist Dr. Alfred Tredgold of Royal Surrey County Hospital. (The terms Minimal Brain Dysfunction and Hyperkinetic Disorder of Childhood were later used for this condition)


                                                                          

    1931  Drs. E.A. Bond and K.E. Appel of the Pennsylvania Hospital discussed the treatment of ADHD-like symptoms diagnosed since the 1920s as Post-Encephalitic Behaviour Disorder


                                                                        



    1937 Children with ADHD-like symptoms were treated with stimulant Benzedrine by Dr. Charles Bradley of Babies Hospital, New York.Today, the Drug Enforcement Administration classifies Benzedrine as a Schedule II narcotic, which means that it has some medicinal uses, is highly addictive, and has some serious side-effects



                                                                          

                                                    Image from whizolosophy.com


    1961  Ritalin gained FDA approval for treating  hyperactive children.  During 1960s, stimulants were increasingly used to treat such hyperactivity.


                                                                              
                                                            Image from understood.org

    1970s. More symptoms recognized, including impulsiveness (verbal, cognitive, or motor), lack of focus, and daydreaming.

                                                                        

    1980 Name Attention Deficit Disorder invented by American Psychiatric Association.

    1987  Name in USA revised to Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder.

                                                                        


  


1996 Adderall was approved to treat ADHD



                                                                                  

    1998 American Medical Association stated that ADHD was one of the most researched "disorders"

                                    



                                                                            

The Massachussetts Institute of Technology (Dr. Joseph Biederman) and Columbia University (Dr. Jeffrey Lieberman) are regarded by the psychiatry profession as leading centres for research into the diagnosis and treatment of ADD as a supposed medical condition,


Many successful people of the past and present have been thought to be Attention Deficit and neurodiverse, including Albert Einstein, John F.Kennedy, Walt Disney,Leonardo da Vinci and many entertainers and athletes, They all look vibrant and full of life to me. 









































































 THE  STATISTICS OF A.D.D.




Dr. Tom Leonard. Statistician with A.D.D., when aged 26


 UNITED KINGDOM

Children aged 5-15 who have been diagnosed with A.D.D.

GIRLS:  Estimated 0.85%

BOYS: Estimated 3.62%

A further 1.5% of boys have been diagnosed with Hyperkinetic Disorder


By age 25 only 15% retain a full ADD diagnosis

     A further 65% fulfil the criterion in partial remission

ADULTS DIAGNOSED WITH A.D.D. Estimated 3-4%
   (roughly equal proportions of males and females)

SOURCE: AADD-UK




UNITED STATES

Children aged 4-17 diagnosed with ADD: Estimated 11%
i.e. 6 million children (43% rise between 2003 and 2016)


GIRLS: Estimated 5.6%
   BOYS: Estimated 13.2%


                   75% of boys (and 60% of girls) diagnosed with ADD are hyperactive

                                                 U.S,  Teens:  Estimated 3 to 5% have ADD

                                                    U.S, Adults: Estimated 4.4% have ADD
                                               (roughly equal proportions of males and females)

                 
                                                  41.3% of these cases are severe

  
                               SOURCE: CENTER FOR DISEASE CONTROL (2016)