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Tuesday, 26 February 2019



(Historical Consultant: Rory Reid)

    Hippocrates (460-375 BC) attributed a condition comparable to ADHD to an "overbalance of fire and water".

    1798 Sir Alexander Crichton described a mental state much like an inattentive subtype of ADHD

    1845 Dr. Heinrich Hoffman coined the term Hyperkinetic Syndrome for naughty restless children growing still more rude and wild.

    1902  Sir George Still documented cases of impulsive behaviour, and called the condition  Defect of Moral Control.

    1920s ADHD-like behaviour was described and diagnosed as  Post-Encephalitic Behaviour Disorder.

    1937 Children with ADHD-like symptoms were treated with stimulants by Dr. Charles Bradley.

    1956 Ritalin was first used to treat hyperactive children.

    1960s. Stimulants increasingly used to treat hyperactive children. Term  Minimal Brain Dysfunction later replaced by "Hyperkinetic Disorder of Childhood.

    1970s. More symptoms recognized, including impulsiveness (verbal, cognitive, or motor), lack of focus, and daydreaming.

    1980 Name Attention Deficit Disorder invented by American Psychiatric Association.

    1987  Name revised to Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder.

    1996 Adderall was approved to treat ADHD

    1998 American Medical Association stated that ADHD was one of the most researched "disorders"




Saturday, 16 February 2019

My Hoskyns-Abrahall and Hoskyns Lineage (Burke's Peerage)

John Hoskyns M.P. (1566-1638)

Contemporary of Ben Johnson and Sir Walter Raleigh. Lived a highly dramatic life

An engraving of the Trusty Servant, from a 1579 painting by John Hoskins

Image result for baron hoskyns heraldic coat of arms

John Hoskyns' son Sir Bennett assumed the Hoskyns Baronetcy


Consider the end: live so that your life will be approved after your death


Consider the consequences of your actions

         Jane Hoskyns Abrahall Bryant was my (Thomas Hoskyns Leonard's) great great grandmother, and Philip Hoskyns Bryant was my great grandfather

                                  MY FAMILY ANCESTRY    (includes mistake, I am not obviously descended
                                  from Abrahalls)


                                JANE HOSKYNS-ABRAHALL

                                 FATHER:, JOHN CHARLES

                                 Rev. John Charles Hoskyns Abrahall, my great great grandfather

                                 M.A. Wadham College Oxford

                                 Headmaster of King Edward's School, Bruton, Somerset (1826-1864)
                                 A Fine Scholar and Severe Disciplinarian.
                                 Hoskyns-Abrahall Tower overlooks the school campus.

                                 History of Bruton

                                 JOHN HOSKYNS-ABRAHALL

                                 FATHER: JOHN

                                 FATHER: JOHN

 Rev John Hoskyns-Abrahall. His name was legally changed to Hoskyns-Abrahall under the terms of the will of his cousin Mary Abrahall. He was therefore the first Hoskyns-Abrahall.

                                 SIR JOHN HOSKYNS, Second Baronet

                                 SIR BENNET HOSKYNS First Baronet

                                 JOHN HOSKYNS M.P.

                                 FATHER: JOHN

                          About the Hoskyns Baronets

                              Sir Bennett Hoskyns


                              Sir John Hoskyns, President of Royal Society


                                                       ABRAHALLS AND HOSKYNS-ABRAHALLS

                                                                   Inglestone House

John Abrahall (c.1570-1640) of Ingestone House died without issue, and left his estate to his half-brother, Gilbert Abrahall (b. c.1576), who is curiously invisible in the records. He died between 1640 and 1654, leaving an only son, John Abrahall (d. 1679), who was a major in the Royalist army during the Civil War. He in turn was succeeded by his eldest surviving son, John Abrahall (d. 1703) and grandson Markey Abrahall (1684-1716), one or other of whom probably laid out the formal garden at Ingestone of which some traces remain. Markey, who was High Sheriff of Herefordshire in 1705, died unmarried at the age of 32, and left the estate to his two sisters as co-heirs. The elder sister, Mary (1682-1718), the wife of Gilbert Abrahall (1670-1723) of Ross-on-Wye, gained possession of a moiety which included Ingestone House, but of their children only one daughter survived them, and she died in 1725. Mary had left a complex and rather confused will, under which her share of the Ingestone estate passed, after her daughter's death, to her sister Benedicta (1683-1742), whose second husband was John Abrahall (d. 1734) of Cradock (Herefs). However in 1754 the Rev. John Hoskyns, rector of Peterstow (Herefs), who had been named in Mary's will as the ultimate remainder man, was successful in a legal case against Benedicta's heirs which turned on the interpretation of the (possibly not very well drafted) will, and he obtained possession of Ingestone House and the associated lands. Hoskyns' connection to the Abrahalls was remarkably distant: his grandfather, Sir Bennet Hoskyns (d. 1680), 1st bt., had married the widow of John Abrahall (b. 1622), son of Paul Abrahall (c.1574-1654) of Eaton Tregoze, whose brother Gilbert (b. c.1576) had been Mary Abrahall's great-grandfather. Despite this distant connection, however, he was obliged by the terms of Mary's will to take the name Abrahall.

The Rev. John Hoskyns-Abrahall (1692-1765), as he became, was succeeded at Ingestone by his two elder sons in turn, and they also were obliged to take the name Abrahall. James Hoskyns-Abrahall (1728-86) may have lived at Ingestone, but his brother and successor, the Rev. John Hoskyns-Abrahall (1729-1805), who was rector of Compton Martin in Somerset, did not, and it was probably at this time that the ageing Jacobean house slipped into tenant occupation and began to deteriorate. John was succeeded by his eldest son, the Rev. John Hoskyns-Abrahall (1773-1840), who held a succession of curacies in Somerset and was also non-resident. He sold the estate in 1826 to Alexander Baring, later 1st Baron Ashburton, who took down the old house and replaced it with the present smaller and more informal house, which was perhaps better suited to the needs of his tenants.

CONCLUSION: I am not, after all, descended from the Abrahalls in any direct way. Alas,no hedgehog heraldic motif, unless any Hoskyns-Abrahalls subsequently incorporated this into their coat-of-arms



A LIFETIME OF PICTURES Thomas Hoskyns Leonard

In preparation for a film documentary on Attention Deficit Disorder produced by Martin Hocevar


                                     Tom's Ancestor, Serjeant John Hoskins, M.P. and Poet (1566-1638).

                                      Tom's great-grandfather (left) and great-great-grandmother (right)

Philip Hoskyns Bryant with his sister Florence and his mother Jane Hoskyns Abrahall Bryant (wife of the Squire of Peter Tavy, the Rev. Dr. Francis J. Bryant)
outside the rectory of St Peter's Church, Peter Tavy in 1907.  Ref. 1004/9 Plymouth City archives.  Discovered on the Internet by Tom's older daughter in 2004.

Tom's great grandmother Prothesa Roberts 

Tom's grandmother Ethel May Leonard

                                             Tom's grandfather Emmanuel Leonard (on right)

                                              My parents Rhona and Cecil Leonard

Me (left), my brother and three cousins

Me (right) with my brother


Me (right) with my brother and mother


                                                          I'm in the back row, fifth from left


Me (right) with my brother and sister-in-law

I'm first on left

Me on left

Me on left

70th Birthday Celebrations

Early Morning Blues